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Nicole Lazzaro

References for Why We Play Games: Gaming Beyond Games

It was a pleasure to meet with you last week!

A couple people asked about references so here are the three authors we used in setting up our study and I highly recommend their books:
1. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi
Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience ISBN 0-0609-2043-2
Focus concentration & absorption
Traits of this state of consciousness
20 yrs, quality of experience
1000’s of interviews
Self-motivating activities

2. Paul Ekman - Emotion
Emotions Revealed ISBN 0-8050-7275-6
Emotion physiology & expression
40 years of emotion research
Consultant to FBI, CIA, ATF
Worked w/Pixar animators for “Finding Nemo”
Also: Telling Lies

3. Don Norman - Affective Computing
Emotional Design ISBN 0-465-05135-9
Computer Science & Psychology
How pleasant things “work better”
Senses, behavior, and thought create emotional responses
Also: Design of Everyday Things

Here are the URLs I mentioned, plus a few others that you might find of interest.

Education & Serious Games
http://www.watercoolergames.org/archives/000142.shtml (great site on games outside of entertainment plus reviews of the recent education arcade summit)
http://www.seriousgames.org/ (great site on serious games including recent Game Developers Conference summit)
http://www.bluefang.com/ (developers of Zoo Tycoon game)

News and Political Games
http://www.gop.com/kerryvskerry/ (political game)
http://www.deanforamericagame.com/ (political game)
http://www.persuasivegames.com/ (makers of the Howard Dean game & water cooler games weblog)
http://www.newsgaming.com/ (developers of serious games)

Games as Work
http://www.theespgame.com (labeling all images on the web game)
http://www.fatal1ty.com/ (Fatal1ty's professional gamer fan site and merchandise)

Location Based Games
http://www.shinteki.com/ (location based game)
http://www.thegogame.com/ (teambuilding location based games)
http://www.cloudmakers.org/ (clearing house for online games)
http://www.botfighters.com/ (mobile phone location based games)

Online Games
http://www.adventurecompanygames.com/tac/missing/index.html Missing (new online game demoed at E3 links to 300 real and fictitious websites)
http://www.gigex.com/pc/article/?id=6654&source=00001 (review of Missing)

www.orkut.com/ (social networking site that can be gamed)
https://www.linkedin.com/ (social networking site that can be gamed)

XEODesign's Research
An abstract from our most recent study on gamers can be found here:

If you have any other questions feel free to post them here or send me an email.


Nicole Lazzaro
XEODesign, Inc.


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